Are you thinking of visiting the capital of Turkey, aren’t you? Just an amazing choice of yours. But before that, you must know about the capital of Turkey country. And even before that, you must know where is Turkey? Turkey or Officially the Republic of Turkey is located in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a region in the Balkans in Southeast Europe. It is the transcontinental country that shares a border with Bulgaria and Greece to its northwest, the Black sea to the north, also with Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran. So, let’s know more about the capital of Turkey.
What Is The Capital Of Turkey?
The capital of Turkey is Ankara which was known as Ancyra and Angora in history. It is a modern city with a huge Ataturk Mausoleum complex. And it is the second most important industrial city after Istanbul.
Ankara is a significant commercial and industrial city situated at the center of Turkey’s road and railway networks. It is considered a green city because of its green areas per inhabitant, at 72 square meters per head.
It is the home for Honey, pears, and muscat grapes. Do you know? Which is the second-largest city in Turkey? It is Ankara.
Now, you know what is the capital city of Turkey?
When Did Ankara Become The Capital Of Turkey?
Ankara became the capital of Turkey officially on 13th October 1923 after the Treaty of Lausanne was signed on 24th July 1923. Istanbul was the capital of Turkey before Ankara but it was replaced by Ankara after the Turkish War of Independence. Decipher it in detail,
- After defeat in World War I, Constantinople, the capital of Ottoman and much of Anatolia, was occupied by the Allies.
- Allies planned to share these lands between France, Armenia, Italy, Greece, and the U.K. by leaving the core piece of land in central Anatolia for the Turks.
- But, the Turkish leader Mustafa Kemal Ataturk established the headquarters of his resistance movement in Angora in 1920 in response to the Allies.
- After that, the Turkish War of Independence happened and it was owned by the Turkish people. Then, the Turkish leaders replaced the Ottoman Empire with the Republic of Turkey on 29th October 1923.
- And a few days earlier, Constantinople which was the capital of Turkey until 1923 was replaced by Angora as the New Turkish capital. And then its name was replaced by Ankara.
- Constantinople which was the capital of Turkey before 1923 is now known as Istanbul.
Ankara, The Capital Of Turkey Facts
Here are some facts which make you more aware of Ankara
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Area & Population
The total area of Ankara is 9,468 meters square and it makes Ankara the second-largest city among the other Turkey cities. While the population of Ankara is 5.663 million as of the year 2020.
Ankara city and its province are situated in the Anatoila’s central region of Turkey. It is connected with the western suburbs of the city to the Ankara River, which is a territory of the Sakarya River.
Climate & Weather
The climate of Ankara is cold semi-arid and it falls under the category of the Trewartha climate classification. It has a temperate continental climate with snowy and cold winters due to its elevation and inland location. Summers are hot and dry and rainfall occurs mostly during the spring and autumn.
Economy & Finance
Ankara had exported the Mohair and Angora wool internationally for centuries. It also exports goat and cat skins, gum, wax, honey, berries, and madder root. Ankara is especially famous for its Kalecik Karasi and Muscat Grapes, and its Kavaklidere wine.
The popular sport of Ankara is Football but you can see other sports also.
Places To Visit In Ankara
Here are some best places to visit in Ankara are given
- Museum of Anatolian Civilizations
- Genclik Park
- Eymir Lake
- Haci Bayram Mosque
- Ankara Castle
- Etnografya Muzesi
- Rahmi M. Koc Museum Ankara, etc.
You can search more about the capitals of various countries on Webcapi
Is The Capital Of Turkey Istanbul Or Ankara?
The Turkish capital is Ankara. Istanbul was the Turkish capital before 1923.
Is Istanbul Still The Capital Of Turkey?
No, current Turkey’s capital is Ankara.
Are Ankara And Istanbul The Same?
No, both are two different cities in Turkey.
When Did Turkey Change Its Capital?
In 1923, Turkey changed its capital from Constantinople today’s Istanbul to Ankara.
What Was The Old Name Of Istanbul?
Constantinople is an ancient city in modern-day Turkey that’s now known as Istanbul. First settled in the seventh century B.C., Constantinople developed into a thriving port thanks to its prime geographic location between Europe and Asia and its natural harbor.
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What Language Is Spoken In Istanbul?
Turkish is the official language of Turkey and English is widely spoken in Istanbul; visitors are often surprised by the relatively high level of English spoken by most Turks. An attempt to use Turkish is very much appreciated and considered good manners, though.
What Is Turkey’s Most Famous Food?
Baklava. Dating back to the Ottoman Empire, baklava is one of the most iconic Turkish dishes and a must for anyone with a sweet tooth.
Does Turkey Have 2 Capital Cities?
Ankara is Turkey’s capital and second-largest city; Istanbul is its largest city and main financial centre.
Now, you know what’s the capital of Turkey? It is Ankara. It is the home for the performing arts, and the center for the State Opera and Ballet, the Presidential Symphony Orchestra, and several national theatre companies. Ankara is a city that has various universities and colleges. If you want to pursue your education or higher degree then you can move to Ankara. Ankara University, Hacettepe University, Baskent University are the main universities in the capital of Turkey.
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