What Is The Capital Of Nigeria?

Do you know the Capital of Nigeria? Surely not, and hence you are here to know it. But, before knowing the capital of Nigeria, you must know about where Nigeria is located? It is located on the western coast of Africa and is one of the popular countries on the African continent. The official language of Nigeria is English and it shares borders with Niger, Chad, Cameroon, and the Gulf of Guinea. Below we will discuss in detail the climate and other facts about Nigeria. So, let’s reveal the answer to what is the Capital of Nigeria

What Is The Capital Of Nigeria

The Capital city of Nigeria is Abuja that is the 8th most populous and located at the exact center of the country.  

According to the United Nations, the city Abuja has grown by 139.7% between 2000 to 2010 and it makes it one of the fastest-growing cities in the world. And when you ask about the most populated area in Abuja, it is Lagos which is the populated metro area.

Abuja is known for various things but mostly for being one of the few purpose-built capital cities in Africa, as well as being one of the Wealthiest. 

Now, you have understood which city is the capital of Nigeria then let’s see some more information about it.  

When Did Abuja Became The Capital Of Nigeria ?

Abuja Became The Capital Of Nigeria on 12 December 1991. Abuja is the administrative and political Nigeria’s capital and also an important capital on the African continent due to Nigeria’s geo-political influence in regional affairs.  

In 2003, Abuja hosted a meeting of Commonwealth Heads of Government while in 2014 it hosted a World Economic Forum meeting. Let’s understand the history of Abuja as 

  • Initially, the indigenous inhabitants of Abuja were the Gwari with Gbagyi language which was the major regional language, and other regions were Bassa, Nupe, Gade, and Koro.  
  • In 1970, after the independence of Nigeria, they selected the country’s central location as it signified neutrality and national unity. 
  • Another reason for Abuja as capital is, Logos’ population was increasing and that made the city overcrowded. Calabar was the capital of Nigeria Before Lagos. Therefore, the Nigerian regime felt the need to expand the economy towards the inner part of the country.  
  • Therefore they decided to move their capital to Abuja. 

Abuja, Capital Of Nigeria Facts 

Here are some facts about Abuja you must know before you plan to visit this beautiful place

  • Area & Population 

The area of Abuja city is divided into two parts, one is the Federal capital city & Local Government area and its area is 1,769 Km^2 and the second part is Urban area and it is 713 Km^2 wide. Abuja is the 7th populous city in Nigeria and according to the year 2011, its population is 1,235,880. 

  • Climate & Weather  

In Abuja, over the year the average temperature varies from 60 degrees F to 93 degrees F or sometimes above 100 degrees F. In this city, the rainy season is warm, overcast, and oppressive while summers are hot and partially cloudy. For tourism, the best time to visit Abuja is from late October to mid of March. 

  • Culture 

Every city has its own culture and tradition similarly, Abuja also has the best culture. Do you know? Abuja is known for being one of the few purpose-built capital cities in Africa. Besides, it is one of the wealthiest cities in Nigeria. Officially, Nigeria language is English but in addition to English, Nigerian people also use Hausa, Igbo, Fula, Yoruba as their language.  

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  • Economic & Finance 

The city Abuja is the headquarters of the economic community of the West African States and its economy mainly depends on Real Estate. The City’s Real Estate has given multiple employment options to local people and it also brings investment from other countries. Other than this, transportation, postal system are also a pillar of Abuja’s economy. 

  • Sports 

Abuja always remains active in sports also, and they proved it by hosting a first para-sports festival from April 9 to 15 in 2022. In this festival, a total of 15 para-sports are expected to participate in the median edition. 

After Knowing what’s the capital of Nigeria lets see some famous places there to visit

Places To Visit In Abuja 

There are so many places in Abuja which are the best to visit such as 

  1. Abuja National Mosque 
  2. Zuma Rock 
  3. Jabi Lake 
  4. National Children Park and Zoo Abuja 
  5. Millennium Park 
  6. Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport 
  7. Aso Villa 
  8. Abuja Stadium 
  9. National Church of Nigeria 
  10. Megan Fowler Bridge 
  11. The Chad Basin National Park 
  12. Erin Ijesha Waterfall 
  13. Wonderland Amusement Park and Resort 
  14. Arts and Craft Village 
  15. The Bank Abuja 
  16. Ibrahim Babaginda International Golf and Country Club. 


Why Is Lagos No Longer The Capital Of Nigeria?

Lagos is no longer Nigeria’s capital because it was suffering from the slum, environmental pollution, and traffic congestionand it is replaced by Abuja  Lagos became an overcrowded city and due to this, it was facing lots of problems mentioned above. Therefore, Nigeria’s regime shifted towards the central part of the country that is Abuja, and replaced the capital Lagos with Abuja, in 1991.  

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When Did Abuja Became Capital Of Nigeria? 

On 12 December 1991 Abuja became Nigeria’s 3rd capital after Lagos and Calabar.   

What Was Nigeria’s First Capital? 

Nigeria’s first capital was Calabar, it was selected as the first capital because it has already served as a capital of the Southern Protectorate, Nigeria Cost Protectorate, and the Oil Rivers Protectorate. Calabar served as a capital until the late 19th century and was replaced by Lagos in 1906.  

What Was The Second Capital Of Nigeria? 

Second Nigeria’s capital is Lagos and it was selected as a capital in 1906 after Calabar. But due to some climate issues, increasing population, increasing slums, again Lagos is replaced by Abuja, which is currently Nigeria’s capital.  

Which Is The Cleanest City In Nigeria?

The decaying underbelly of Calabar, Nigeria’s ‘cleanest city’ | Environment | Al Jazeera.

Does Nigeria Have Two Capitals?

Nigeria. Nigeria is one of several countries to have moved its government away from its largest city and economic hub when it transferred its capital from Lagos (top) to Abuja in 1991.

What Foods Do Nigerians Typically Eat?

Traditional Nigerian foods include maiz, yams, cassava, and plantains. Typical Nigerian meals are tomato stew, porridge, soups such as egusi soup, and jollof rice. All of these foods can be used to create a Nigerian-inspired meal that fits MyPlate!

Which Was The First Capital Of Nigeria?

Lagos maintained its status as capital when Nigeria obtained its independence from Britain in 1960. Lagos was therefore the capital city of Nigeria from 1914 until 1991, when it was replaced as Federal Capital Territory by planned city of Abuja, built specifically for such purpose.

You can search more about the capitals of various countries on Webcapi


Now, you have a clear idea about what is the capital city of Nigeria and you know its answer is Abuja. Whenever you are making a plan to travel you should add Abuja’s name to your list. It has a strong history and good people, they know very well about hospitality. If you are a food lover, you are most welcome in the city of Abuja. So, before going to Abuja to check the above-mentioned facts, you should know about Abouja’s climate and weather. After checking this you are ready to go because you have known capital of Nigeria


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What is the real capital of Nigeria

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