What Is The Capital Of Illinois? 

Do you want to visit the capital of Illinois? Well, before that, you should know whats the capital of Illinois. In this article, we will help you out by giving all the important information about Illinois’s capital. Illinois is a state in the United States and is deadly famous for its unmatchable beauty. Also, the state of Illinois is known for its abolition of slavery, its role in the Underground Railroad, and its contributions to the American automotive Industry. And more significantly, the state is home to the first McDonald’s, Route 66, and the World’s largest catsup bottle. Let’s know the capital of Illinois

What Is The Capital Of Illinois? 

The capital of Illinois is Springfield, which is also the largest city in the state of Illinois, United States. It was settled by European-Americans in the late 1810s, around the time Illinois became a state. The capital of Illinois state is best known for being the home of 16th President Abraham Lincoln and the place where President Barack Obama spent his early career in politics. Springfield, Illinois is also the county seat and the largest city of Sangamon County. 

Springfield is one of the best cities and also the capital to live in Illinois. Living in the capital offers residents a dense suburban feel and most residents own their homes here. Also, there are lots of bars, parks, and restaurants. To know about the capital of Illinois history keep reading this article.   

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When Did Springfield Became The Capital Of Illinois? 

Springfield became the capital of Illinois on 28th February 1837 after taking four ballots. Now, you may be curious to know, how did Springfield become the capital of Illinois? Right? Let’s know the history of the capitals of Illinois and know the name of the capital of Illinois before Springfield

  • The state of Illinois was provided with three capitals namely Kaskaskia, Vandalia, and Springfield, with six Capitol buildings of which five were State-owned and three still standing. Out of which two were in Springfield and one in Vandalia. 
  • In 1818, when Illinois joined the Union, Kaskaskia was chosen as its capital and it had played a vital part in the military and religious history of the state. 
  • The first capital of the state was a rented two-story building. So, to make a new capital building a five-member committee was formed to choose a site and decided upon Reeves Bluff, later to be known as Vandalia. The constructed building was 80 miles away from Kaskaskia on the Kaskaskia River. 
  • In 1820, the capital of the state was moved to Vandalia and many years ago Kaskaskia became a vanished city, disappearing under the water of the Mississippi River. 
  • They voted that Vandalia was to remain the state capital for a period of at least 20 years. But on 25th February 1837, the Assembly passed a bill, providing that the state capital be moved from Vandalia to another place. 
  • And three days later on 28th February 1837, Springfield was chosen as the new Capital of the state. 

Now you know what were the 3 capitals of Illinois and also got what was the capital of Illinois before Springfield. Let’s know more about Springfield. 

Springfield, Capital Of Illinois Facts 

To explore the capital of Illinois which is Springfield take a look at some important facts about the city given.  

Area & Population 

The total area of Springfield is around 216.8 km2. While Springfield population is around 1.13 lakh as of 2021. Along with this population, the city is the seven most populated city and second largest outside of Chicago. 

Climate & Weather 

Springfield falls within either a hot summer humid continental climate or a humid subtropical climate. In recent years, winter temperatures have increased significantly while summer temperatures have remained mostly the same. 

Economic & Finance 

The main pillars of the economy of Springfield are the medical and healthcare sectors. The economy of the city is dominated by government jobs and related lobbyists and firms that deal with the state and county governments and the justice system. 


Springfield has been home to a number of minor-league baseball franchises. Also, it was the home of the Springfield Stallions, an indoor football team who played at the Prairie Capital Convention Center in 2007. 

Places To Visit In Springfield 

The places to visit in Springfield are, 

  • Lincoln Home National Historic Site 
  • Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum 
  • Old State Capitol 
  • Lincoln Monument Association 
  • Dana Thomas House 
  • Illinois State Museum 
  • Washington Park Botanical Garden 
  • Cozy Dog Drive In 
  • Henson Robinson Zoo 
  • Thomas Rees Memorial Carillon 
  • Illinois Governor’s Mansion 
  • Knight’s Action Park 
  • Springfield Art Association or Edwards Place Historic Home. 

You can search more about the capitals of various countries on Webcapi


Why Is Chicago Not Illinois Capital?

Why is Chicago not the capital of Illinois, then? One reason is that Chicago was not incorporated until 1837, while Springfield became the current capital of Illinois in 1839. At that time, Chicago was a tiny village and not the massive metropolis we know of today.

Why Is Springfield Capital Of Illinois?

Springfield was designated in 1839 as the third capital, and has continued to be so. The designation was largely due to the efforts of Abraham Lincoln and his associates; nicknamed the “Long Nine” for their combined height of 54 feet (16 m).

Why Is Illinois Called Little Egypt?

Southern Illinois has long been referred to as “Little Egypt.” This nickname may be the result of the practices of early settlers from Northern Illinois who traveled to Southern Illinois to buy grain after a series of bad winters and droughts.

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Is Illinois Cheap To Live?

The cost of living in Illinois is 6% lower than the national average. Housing is 14% lower than the national average, while utilities are 4% lower. When it comes to basic necessities such as food and clothing, groceries are around 4% lower than in the rest of the country, while clothing costs 4% lower.

What Are Illinois Three Capital Cities?

A century and a quarter of Statehood has provided Illinois with three different Capitals�Kaskaskia, Vandalia and Springfield; with six Capitol buildings, of which five were State owned, and three still standing; one in Vandalia and two in Springfield.

Does It Snow In Illinois?

Average yearly precipitation for Illinois varies from 48 inches or 1,220 mm at the southern tip to 35 inches or 890 mm in the northern portion of the state. Normal annual snowfall exceeds 38 inches or 0.97 m in Chicago, while the southern portion of the state normally receives less than 14 inches or 0.36 m.


Above you have understood what is the state capital of Illinois in detail. Also, you got some important facts like weather, economy, population, area, etc, about Springfield. Above, we have mentioned a list of some great places to visit in the city. If you will make a plan to visit Springfield then it will help you a lot.as you know all about the capital of Illinois. 


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