Is it necessary to know the capital of China? Of course, because China is officially the People’s Republic of China is the world’s most populous country. It is one of the countries after Russia that shares borders with 14 different countries. China is located in East Asia and here 74.5% of the population has no religion or folk. It is a country that never bends in front of obstacles and always works hard for progress. And it leads China to the world’s No.2 Economy with nominal GDP of $16.64 trillion. Let’s briefly learn about the capital of China.
What Is The Capital Of China?
The capital of China is Beijing which is the second-largest city with more than 21 million residents and it makes this the most populous city in China. Beijing is located in Northern China and is governed by a municipality under the direct administration of the State Council with 16 urban, suburban, and rural districts.
Beijing is a global city due to leading centers for culture, diplomacy, politics, finance, business, economics, education, research, language, tourism, sport, research, etc. it is home to almost all headquarters of China’s largest state-owned companies and Fortune Global 500 companies. After knowing what’s the capital of china let us learn more about the capital city of China.
When Did Beijing Became The Capital Of China?
In 1949, Beijing became the capital of China. Beijing was a provincial center in the earliest unified empires of China, Qin, and Han. Beijing is not the first capital of China but it is. Before it the capital of China in 1937 was Nanking and before Nanking the capital of China in 1914 was Peking. To learn about the History of Beijing go through the below-given points
- Beijing was renamed as the political center of the Republic of China until 1928 after the 1911s revolution. But the Nationalists had moved the capital to Nanjing. Nanjing was the capital of China before Beijing and it served from 1368 to 1644.
- Beijing was again called Beiping due to increasing pressure from the Japanese, who established the puppet state of Manchukuo in Manchuria in 1931.
- In 1937, the fight between Chinese and Japanese troops broke near the Marco Polo Bridge and Beiping was loose and occupied by the Japanese till 1945.
- After World War II Beiping reverted to the Nationalists and in 1949, the establishment of the People’s Republic of China was done. But the capital of China during WW2 was Nanjing and Beijing replaced it after WW2.
- Then Beiping’s name was again replaced by Beijing and Beijing was chosen as the capital of the new regime.
Now, after knowing the history of China city Beijing, it’s time to learn some facts about it.
Beijing, The Capital Of China Facts
Here some facts are given about Beijing that you must know about
Area & Population
The total area of Beijing is 16,410 ㎢, and it gets divided into two parts Urban and Rural. The Urban area is 4,144 ㎢, and the Rural area is 12,266.5 ㎢. Beijing population makes it the most populous city in Asia and it is 21.54 million as of the year 2018.
Climate & Weather
Beijing has a humid continental climate, characterized by hot, humid summers due to the East Asian monsoon, and brief but cold, dry winters.
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Economy & Finance
According to the year 2018, the Nominal GDP of Beijing was USD458 billion about 3.45% of China’s GDP. therefore, it ranked 12th among province-level administrative units. The main income source of Beijing is a total of 60 Fortune Global 500 companies. Beijing was ranked 6th place in the Global Financial Centres Index 2021.
Beijing hosted multiple International and National sports events but out of which most notable was the 2008s Summer Olympic and Paralympic Games. It also hosted Universiade in 2001 and the Asian Games in 1990.
Beijing is located at the Northern tip of the roughly triangular North China Plain, which opens to the South and East of the city. To the north multiple mountains are present, Northwest and west Shield the city and northern China’s agricultural heartland.
Places To Visit In Beijing
Places to visit in Beijing are given below
- Great Wall Of China
- Temple of Heaven
- Summer Palace
- The Palace Museum
- Lama Temple
- Tiananmen Square
- Fragrant Hills Park
- Kunming Lake
- Yuanmingyuan Park
- Wangfujing Pedestrian Street
- Chengxian Street
- Zhaoxian Temple
- Houchai Park, etc.
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Does China Have 2 Capitals?
Traditionally there are four capitals as historical capitals of China known as the “Four Great Ancient Capitals of China” Namely Nanjing, Beijing, Luoyang, and Xi’an. But the main capital is only one and it is Beijing.
What Is The Real Capital Of China?
The real capital of China is Beijing.
What Are The 8 Capitals Of China?
The 8 capitals of China are
- Kaifeng, and
How Many Capital Does China Have?
China has three capitals.
What Is The Old Name Of China?
The first time Zhongguo was used as the Chinese nation’s official name was in the Sino-Russian Treaty of Nerchinsk of 1689. In 1912, Zhongguo was designated the short-form Chinese name for the Republic of China, and the People’s Republic inherited the name in 1949.
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Is Shanghai Or Beijing The Capital Of China?
As we all know, Beijing is the capital of the People’s Republic of China. Beijing has almost continually been the capital for the last 700 years. It was an imperial capital during six Chinese dynasties. As China’s second-biggest city (after Shanghai), Beijing is the political, cultural, and educational center of China.
What Is China’s Most Famous Food?
Peking Roasted Duck. Peking duck (北京烤鸭 Běijīng kǎoyā) is a famous dish from Beijing, enjoying world fame, and considered as one of China national dishes.
What Was The Capital Of China In 1937?
Nanjing became China’s capital again in 1928. After the Japanese invaded Nanjing in 1937, Chiang Kai-shek moved the capital further west, to Chongqing, as Japanese troops swept south.
From this article, you have cleared your question of what’s the capital of China? And now you know its answers and it is Beijing. Its long and rich history has left behind an abundant historic and cultural heritage, including seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites, The Great Wall of China, the Forbidden City, etc. And it makes Beijing more attractive for tourists. So, don’t think too much and plan to visit Beijing, it is open for you with its tremendous attraction. Beijing is one of the best capitals in Asia and why not? Ultimately it is the capital of China.
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